If you are struggling with brown-gray patches on your skin caused by hyperpigmentation, you might have melasma. A common skin problem, melasma is characterized by brown or gray patches that usually appears on the face, neck, and arms. Most frequently, when melasma appears, it is on the cheeks, the bridge of the nose, the forehead, the upper lip, and the chin.
Although melasma may appear because of too much exposure to sunlight, it may also be triggered by hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy and with thyroid disease. Although the risk of developing melasma may be higher if you have someone in your family who has it, preventive measures such as applying sunscreen and avoiding sunlight may help. (more…)